Mainstream



Ban 2 Ingredient of Oxybenzone and Octinoxate

 
Virgin Islands from March 2020.
Hawaii from 2021
Key West of Florida from 2021
The Caribbean island of Bonaire from 2021

Sunscreen Pollution Analysis

Scientific Research in 2017

1 experimental field — Jellyfish Lake


6 scientists and researchers
Supported by Coral Reef Research Foundation 


​11 Harmful Ingredients defined

1) Oxybenzone (BP3)
2) Octyl methoxycinnamate (EHMC)
3) Octocrylene (OC)
4) 4-methyl-benzylidene camphor (4MBC)
5) Triclosan
6) Methyl paraben
7) Ethyl paraben
8) Propyl paraben
9) Butyl paraben
10) Benzyl paraben
11) Phenoxyethanol
 

Others



Ban non-biodegradable and Permit Mineral-based

Mexican Vacation Spots of Xel-Ha Park, Cozumel's Marine Park, Chankanaab Beach Adventure Park and Xcaret Park

Ban 10 Ingredients
Palau from Jan 2020

 Sunscrees Cause Coral Bleaching by Promoting Viral Infactions

Scientific Research in 2008

4 experimental fields — Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean and Red Sea


8 scientists and researchers

Supported by European Union


4 Harmful Ingredients defined

1) Oxybenzone
2) Butylparaben
3) Octinoxate
4) 4-methylbenzylidine camphor
 

 Toxicopathological Effects of the Sunscreen UV Filter on Coral Planulae and Cultured Primary Cells and Its Environmental Contamination

Scientific Research in 2015

2 experimental fields — Hawaii and U.S. Virgin Islands


14 scientists and researchers

Supported by Israel Science Foundation & U.S. National Park Service


13 Harmful Ingredients defined

1) Any form of microplastic sphere or beads
2) Any nanoparticles like zinc oxide or titanium dioxide
3) Oxybenzone (Benzophenone-3, BP-3) 
4) Octinoxate (Ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate

    Octyl methoxycinnamate (EHMC))
5) 4-methylbenzylidene camphor (4MBC)
6) Octocrylene
7) Para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) 
8) Methylparaben
9) Ethylparaben
10) Propylparaben
11) Butylparaben
12) Benzylparaben
13) Triclosan
 

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​Three Large-scale and Influential Scientific Researches

SUMMARY


Total14 ingredients are listed by these 3 scientific researches, and 4 ingredients are all listed by these 3 scientific researches — 

Oxybenzone, ButylparabenOctinoxate and 4-methylbenzylidine camphor​

Government Policy

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND POLICY